Shipping Surcharges - CAF, BAF, All In
All in rate - meaning that the cost of transportation includes all the additional fees provided for under the conditions of carriage. For example, in the case of freight under LILO, this means that in the U.S., except for freight, loading and unloading, also includes all related costs, such as BAF, CAF, etc.
Basic Service Rate Additional (BSRA) is the charge levied by shipping companies to importers for LCL cargo, including the port charges, transport to an unpacking depot (see CFS) subsequent sorting and storage of the goods and finally loading onto a vehicle collecting the goods for delivery to the buyer
Bunker Adjustment Factor (BAF) - an adjustment to shipping companies' freight rates to take into account fluctuations in the cost of fuel oil (bunkers) for their ships.
Currency Adjustment Factor (CAF) is an adjustment to shipping companies' freight rates to take into account the effect over time of fluctuations in currency exchange rates.
IMO surcharge is applied when transporting goods classified by the UN as hazardous (in accordance with the IMDG code (International Marine Dangerous Goods code)) , the shipping company imposes a surcharge on the sea freight. This relates to the additional handling required for planning the goods at the terminal and onboard the ship.
ISPS or SEC - security charges
GRI - planned increase of a base rate from a certain date
THC, Terminal handling charge, levied by CY and CFS operators for goods passing through their operations. THC are additional costs, on top of the sea freight, charged by the shipping company for the handling of containers at the container terminal before being loaded onboard a vessel. Examples include the unloading of the container from a truck, stacking and transport from the stacking location to just below the crane. This concerns FCL (Full Container Load) shipments.
Heavy Weight Charge is a surcharge for exceeding certain weight. 20ft containers exceeding the weight of 14,000 kg tare (container) are subject to a heavy weight surcharge (HWT). An empty 20ft container weighs approximately 2,300 kg. 40ft containers are not subject to a heavy weight surcharge. Both 20ft and 40ft containers can carry a load of more than 28,000 kg.
Port Congestion Surcharge applied by shipping lines to cover losses caused by congestion and idle time for vessels serving that port. Shipping lines therefore have the right to impose a surcharge on the freight to recover revenue lost. Another factor which influences port congestion surcharge would be labour disputes. Port congestion surcharges are calculated as a percentage of the freight rate.
PSS (Peak Season Surcharge) is added to cargo moving from ASIA. This fee remains in effect for the duration of a typical Peak Season, currently from June 1 - October 31.
Winter Surcharge is imposed for all containers to cover extra costs related to serving the port due to harsh weather, convoy restrictions, ice conditions etc. This surcharge is only effective during winter period.
Additional terms and fees
Additional terms and fees to local agents of the line usually via port forwarding.
Demurrage penalties are imposed for excess use of container from its unloading at the terminal until the return of empty containers at the port (for imports) or from the date of receipt of the empty container to be loaded before the loading of a container loaded on a ship (for exports).
Period of container can be divided into Demurrage and Detention. Then Demurrage penalties imposed for excess use of container from its unloading at the terminal until the time of export from the terminal. Detention penalties imposed for excess usage container since its removal from the terminal until the return of empty containers at the port.
Administrative Fee = B / LFee = DocsFee (available in other notation) - Fees local agent line for paperwork. May apply for a bill of lading or container.
Additional port charges
Additional charges are paid port to port usually via port forwarding, can be collected directly to the port or the local agents of lines.
Storage - the rate for excess storage of cargo at the port. Is calculated from the moment of unloading at the terminal until the time of export from the terminal. Charged are charged at port rates. Usually quoted for TEU, s increasing the scale (longer the carrier is in port, the more expensive each day of storage).
For nomination for inspection - the rate for work on putting the container on the ground clearance (Customs, health, etc.). Charged at the rate the port, in fact. Rates for additional operations - the rates for any port is not provided for in the usual way of handling container (repacking, weighing, sealing, labeling, etc.). Charged at the rate the port, in fact.
Sample rates for local payments in the port
Containerships: 130 EUR THC + 25 EUR docs + 1950 EUR m / h = 205 EUR;
HAPAG: 75 eur THC + 6 EUR ISPS + 35 EUR docs + 1925 EUR m / h = 141 EUR;
Export of container - 10 day free trial, the first 5 days - 15 Eur / day, 6 days 30 EUR / day;
Keeping contact. - 5 days free of charge, day 6 - 9 Eur / day;
MSC: 100 EUR THC + 40 EUR docs + m / h 1940 EUR + ISPS 15 EUR = 195 EUR;
MAERSK: 120 EUR THC + 35 EUR ddf + 6 EUR ISPS + 1930 EUR m / h = 191 EUR;
Hamburg Sud: 110 EUR THC + 30 EUR docs + 16 EUR ISPS = 156 EUR;
OOCL: 74 EUR THC + 30 EUR docs + 11 EUR ISPS + m / h 30 EUR = 145 EUR.